New Studies show that smoking has a profound effect on menopause which starts two years earlier as well as increasing ageing, osteoporosis, heart disease, strokes and bladder cancer
Women who smoke are at a greater risk of going into early menopause before 45. If you smoke 10 or more cigarettes a day, you’ll probably start menopause two years earlier than normal.
Chemicals found in cigarettes may activate certain genetic components, causing ovarian cells to die.
Smoking interferes with oestrogen production. In perimenopause, oestrogen levels are already dropping and smoking accelerates this process. This means there’ll be even less oestrogen circulating in your body which makes hot flushes worse.
Many menopausal women who smoke are at risk of osteoporosis because the toxins in cigarettes block calcium absorption, which further lowers levels of oestrogen. Smokers have an 80% greater risk of fractures. But the good news is, for every 5 years after you stop smoking, your risk for fracture drops by 2%.
The thousands of chemicals in cigarette smoke get into your bloodstream and are filtered out of your blood, ending up in the urine, which is stored in the bladder – and are in extended contact with the bladder lining. This increases the risk of cervical, pancreatic and bladder cancer.
You already know that smoking can increase the risk of heart disease. Chemicals in smoke can also lead to hardening of the arteries, and increase the likelihood of a stroke or heart attack. However HRT can increase stroke risk, so female smokers shouldn’t take it
Smoking causes premature ageing because smoking decreases blood flow around the body. Women who don’t smoke have younger-looking skin than those who do. Chemicals in smoke damage collagen and elastin – connective tissues, which help your skin stay resilient. They also cause harmful free-radicals to increase